[123] The Halifax Remembrance Book lists 16 members of the Tufts Cove Community as dead; not all the dead listed as in Tufts Cove were Indigenous. [55] The tug's captain, Horatio H. Brannen, and his crew realized that the fire was too intense for their single hose and backed off from the burning Mont Blanc. [53] As the lifeboats made their way across the harbour to the Dartmouth shore, the abandoned ship continued to drift and beached herself at Pier 6 near the foot of Richmond street. A memorial at the Halifax Fire Station on Lady Hammond Road honours the firefighters killed while responding to the explosion. [131] It turned out that the letter was actually written in Norwegian. [129] The Halifax Herald continued to propagate this belief for some time, for example reporting that Germans had mocked victims of the explosion. Across the harbour, in Dartmouth, there was also widespread damage. [148] Prime Minister Robert Borden pledged that the government would be "co-operating in every way to reconstruct the Port of Halifax: this was of utmost importance to the Empire". [112] Nova Scotia Hospital was the only hospital in Dartmouth and many of the victims were treated there. Directly opposite to Pier 9 on the Halifax side sat a community in Tufts Cove, also known as Turtle Grove. [22] A large army garrison protected the city with forts, gun batteries, and anti-submarine nets. [143], Partial train service resumed from a temporary rail terminal in the city's South End on 7 December. Simple monuments mark the mass graves of explosion victims at the Fairview Lawn Cemetery and the Bayers Road Cemetery. Canadian/Irish actor Vincent Walsh won a Gemini for best actor portraying Captain Charlie Collins. El choque entre el buque noruego SS Imo y el SS Mont-Blanc , un carguero francés lleno de material explosivo, produjo una explosión de 2,9 kilotones, dejando tras de sí 1.600 muertos, 9.000 heridos y la destrucción de gran parte de la ciudad. [27] Imo met American tramp steamer SS Clara being piloted up the wrong (western) side of the harbour. Chargé de munitions, il s’apprête à rejoindre un convoi vers l’Europe. The area of Halifax along the shoreline⁠— what had been known as Richmond⁠— made up the majority of what would soon come to be known as the Devastated Area. The North Street Station, one of the busiest in Canada, was badly damaged. Therefore, the vessel could not weigh anchor until the next morning. Captain Brannen and Albert Mattison of Niobe agreed to secure a line to the French ship's stern so as to pull it away from the pier to avoid setting it on fire. In the aftermath of the explosion, hospitals were inundated with the wounded, and morgues struggled to identify and document the dead. [127] Africville received little of the donated relief funds and none of the progressive reconstruction invested in other parts of the city after the explosion. Coleman was killed at his post. [9] The British garrison left the city in late 1905 and early 1906. [104] By nightfall, a dozen trains had reached Halifax from the Nova Scotian towns of Truro, Kentville, Amherst, Stellarton, Pictou, and Sydney and from the New Brunswick towns of Sackville, Moncton and Saint John. [56], At 9:04:35 am the out-of-control fire on board Mont-Blanc set off her cargo of high explosives. On the morning of December 6, 1917, a navigation accident occurred where two vessels collided in the narrows of the Halifax Harbor. The combination of the cargoless ship's height in the water and the transverse thrust of her right-hand propeller caused the ship's head to swing into Mont-Blanc. "[5] Halifax and Dartmouth had thrived during times of war; the harbour was one of the British Royal Navy's most important bases in North America, a centre for wartime trade, and a home to privateers who harried the British Empire's enemies during the American Revolution, the Napoleonic Wars, and the War of 1812. [135][138][141] No party was ever convicted for any crime or otherwise successfully prosecuted for any actions that precipitated the disaster. The film shows what one family - the Collins family -went thru during this time. [108] An additional 9,000 were injured. Halifax explosion of 1917, disaster in Halifax Harbour, Nova Scotia, Canada, in which a munitions ship exploded, killing nearly 2,000 people. [47], Sailors on nearby ships heard the series of signals and, realizing that a collision was imminent, gathered to watch as Imo bore down on Mont-Blanc. [149] Captain Symington of USS Tacoma speculated that the port would not be operational for months,[150] but a convoy departed on 11 December and dockyard operations resumed before Christmas. Horatio Brannen, the captain of Stella Maris, saw Imo approaching at excessive speed and ordered his ship closer to the western shore to avoid an accident. Lane closures: Lanes 1 and 2 will be closed. [125] Families recorded the deaths of five residents. [120], There were small enclaves of Mi'kmaq in and around the coves of Bedford Basin on the Dartmouth shore. [42][43][44] Mackey kept his eye on the ferry traffic between Halifax and Dartmouth and other small boats in the area. [128], Every building in the Halifax dockyard required some degree of rebuilding, as did HMCS Niobe and the docks themselves; all of the Royal Canadian Navy's minesweepers and patrol boats were undamaged. [27] Mont-Blanc started moving at 7:30 am on 6 December and was the second ship to enter the harbour as the anti-submarine net between Georges Island and Pier 21 opened for the morning. [146] Once finished, the Hydrostone neighbourhood consisted of homes, businesses and parks, which helped create a new sense of community in the North End of Halifax. [96][100] The commission would continue until 1976, participating in reconstruction and relief efforts and later distributing pensions to survivors. On December 6, 1917, a terrible accident put an exclamation point on what had been a very difficult year for the Allies and for Canada in the War. Nearly 2,000 people died and some 9,000 were injured in the disaster, which flattened more than 1 square mile (2.5 square km) of the city of Halifax. These factors drove a major military, industrial, and residential expansion of the city,[11] and the weight of goods passing through the harbour increased nearly ninefold. [26] The vessel was fully loaded with the explosives TNT and picric acid, the highly flammable fuel benzol and guncotton. [17] Convoys carried men, animals, and supplies to the European theatre of war.